Tin mining is the oldest industry and the main export product of Malaya once upon a time. Before 1820, tin mines were operated by the Malays using the traditional method of dulang washing (tin ore panning). The dulang washing activities were usually carried out in rivers or mining areas. The soil panned would be sifted to separate the tin ore from the earth.





The growth of the tin mining industry in Perak through the discovery of tin ore in Larut by Long Jaafar in the 1840s and the Pangkor Agreement in 1874 was the starting point of the state’s modern history.The progress changed the community settlement landscape from riverside villages with attap roofs to towns and cities with concrete buildings.

This has clearly proven Sir Hugh Low’s notes in 1881 which said the settlement in Perak was not a dirty village with attap huts and narrow crooked lanes, but a new town comprising concrete buildings with the best and neat appearances just like the towns in the Straits Settlements.

In the old days, Kinta Valley progressed rapidly and was the richest district in the Malay Peninsula as a result of tin mining activities, and made Ipoh more famous compared to the towns in other states due mainly to its dominance being rich with the produce of tin ore.


The Ipoh City Council has made Hale Lane as a Tin Mining Heritage Trail via the Ipoh Town Special Area Plan – Tin Mining Heritage Town. The lane has been upgraded to ensure that it is tourist friendly besides providing infrastructure facilities and interesting and safe environment for the visitors.



The objective of the Tin Mining Heritage Trail is a sincere effort to unveil the history of Ipoh during the golden age of tin mining to the present and coming generations. The infrastructure and buildings have been maintained and they symbolise a living heritage for the pleasures of the mind and enjoyment of the public.


The Local Agenda 21 is a programme for the community, private sector and local authorities. These three main entities collaborate to plan and manage their surrounding areas towards sustainable development.

Sustainable development is developments which fulfil the present needs without jeopardising the needs of future generations. It balances economic development with social and environmental needs.

The Ipoh City Council is the leader of the Local Agenda 21 sharing mechanism. The ICC has invited stakeholders, i.e. private sector, government agencies, non-governmental agencies and the community to come together to develop Ipoh City as a tourism-hub and art city in Malaysia.



The Ipoh City Council in collaboration with Maybank Foundation and building owners have carried out a Corporate Social Responsibility project – ‘Tigers on Ipoh Heritage Walk’ under the LA21 programme. Maybank Foundation sponsored this project and the building owners have given their consent for the walls along the back lane to be painted with a mural titled ‘Dulang Washing’.

Besides this, Maybank Foundation has also organised activities to help save the Malayan Tiger from extinction via the ‘Save the Tiger’ project. The legacy of Maybank Foundation in giving back to the community through the conservation and preservation of environment programme in Malaysia is greatly appreciated and held in the highest esteem. The Ipoh City Council fully supports the sincere efforts by Maybank Foundation.


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